Psychological Components

The key Psychological Components for Tennis Players

(Book: tennis science by Machar Reid, Bruce Elliott &Miguel Crespo)

Movivation, concentration, emotions, and confidence - that can help an athlete perform at their maximum, together with the main strategies that players can use to improve them.


Fight - the ability to be combative during the matchplay

Effort - the use of physical or mental energy

Commitment - the attitude of being engaged or obliged to achieve

Fun - enjoyment, or pleasure in play

Goals - the objectives and aims of a given action


Focus - the center in which interest converges

Eyes - one of the key body parts that affect concentration

Constant - the need for concentration to be contiuous, recurrent, and regular

Cues - the signals or sources of information in the surrounding enviroment

Variable - the feature of concentration that needs to adapt to the enviroment


Control - the influence over feelings

Activation - a state of physical and psychological arousal which runs along a continuum from deep sleep to intense excitement

Relaxation - a state free of stress or tension

Routines - rituals to help attain a particular mental state

Feedback - the inforamtion derived from a particular evemt


Faith - the belief on one's capbilities to achieve a goal

Efficacy - the opinon on how efficient you are when faced with a challenge

Image - the concept projected by somone

Self-talk - the ability to effctively use verbal communication with onself to affect performance